These are only the basics, there is a lot more to grammar, but this is a great foundation and is sufficient for now. This is not that complex even if it seems like it, you can do it!
A person place or thing. Example: The man went to the store. Man and store are nouns.
its can be used in place of a noun and is understood in context. Examples: He, she, it are pronouns. Reflexive Pronouns: the same thing but they refer back to itself. Example: Himself, herself, itself.
The action in the sentence. Example, John walks to the park. “Walks” is the verb (action).
The receiver of the action (verb): Example: “John kicked the ball”. Ball is the object and is what was kicked, which is the verb. Direct Object and Indirect Object:
|Direct object||Entity acted upon||Sam fed the dogs.|
|Indirect object||Entity indirectly affected by the action||She sent him a present.|
Above chart from this link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object_(grammar)#Types
A word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical. – Oxford Dictionaries. Examples: Beautiful, Holy, Perfect, Great, Friendly, Good, fantastic, Incredible.
“A word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc. (e.g., gently, quite, then, there).” – Oxford Dictionaries. alot of these end in -ly: Boldly, rapidly, slowly, masterfully, wisely.
It describes the relationship between two things. Another good way at looking at it is this: “In its simplest sense, the preposition can be regarded as a locator not only of place, but also of time.” –
Its words that connect: some examples are “and”, “but” and “or”.
The Direct Article: Indicates a specific thing, in English, its the word “the”. Examples: THE man, THE book, THE computer. Indirect Article: Indicates something in general, in English its “a” and “an”. Examples: A man, A book, A computer. These are generic.
Wikipedia explains this well: “In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking. Tenses are usually manifested by the use of specific forms of verbs, particularly in their conjugation patterns. Main tenses found in many languages include the past, present, and future.” So all this means is its how we talk about time. For example, in English, we use “will” to talk about the future, and put “ed” on the end of verbs to talk about the past. That has to do with tense.
“In linguistics, syntax (/ˈsɪntæks/) is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences (sentence structure) in a given language, usually including word order.” – Wikipedia.Think of word order for now, like SVO = Subject verb object, English is a SVO language.
Words that compare things: In English, they words like “more”, “than”, “fewer”, and “as”
(of an adjective or adverb) expressing the highest or a very high degree of a quality (e.g. bravest, most fiercely). – Oxford Dictionaries. Examples: coolest, nicest, happiest, smartest, the best.
“An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction. The category is quite heterogeneous, and includes such things as exclamations (ouch!, wow!)”… “greetings (hey, bye), response particles (okay, oh!, m-hm, huh?), hesitation markers (uh, er, um) and other words (stop, cool).” – Wikipedia