The Basics of Grammer

These are only the basics, there is a lot more to grammar, but this is a great foundation and is sufficient for now. This is not that complex even if it seems like it, you can do it!

“Commonly listed English parts of speech: nounverbadjectiveadverbpronounprepositionconjunctioninterjection, and sometimes numeralarticle, or determiner.” – Here

Nouns

A person place or thing. Example: The man went to the store. Man and store are nouns.

Pronouns

its can be used in place of a noun and is understood in context. Examples: He, she, it are pronouns. Reflexive Pronouns: the same thing but they refer back to itself. Example: Himself, herself, itself.

Verbs

The action in the sentence. Example, John walks to the park. “Walks” is the verb (action).

Objects

The receiver of the action (verb): Example: “John kicked the ball”. Ball is the object and is what was kicked, which is the verb. Direct Object and Indirect Object:

Direct objectEntity acted uponSam fed the dogs.
Indirect objectEntity indirectly affected by the actionShe sent him a present.

Above chart from this link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object_(grammar)#Types

Adjectives

A word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical. – Oxford Dictionaries. Examples: Beautiful, Holy, Perfect, Great, Friendly, Good, fantastic, Incredible.

Adverbs

“A word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc. (e.g., gently, quite, then, there).” – Oxford Dictionaries. alot of these end in -ly: Boldly, rapidly, slowly, masterfully, wisely.

Prepositions

It describes the relationship between two things. Another good way at looking at it is this: “In its simplest sense, the preposition can be regarded as a locator not only of place, but also of time.” –
http://partofspeech.org/preposition/

Conjugations

Its words that connect: some examples are “and”, “but” and “or”.

Articles

The Direct Article: Indicates a specific thing, in English, its the word “the”. Examples: THE man, THE book, THE computer. Indirect Article: Indicates something in general, in English its “a” and “an”. Examples: A man, A book, A computer. These are generic.

Tense

Wikipedia explains this well: “In grammartense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.[2][3] Tenses are usually manifested by the use of specific forms of verbs, particularly in their conjugation patterns. Main tenses found in many languages include the pastpresent, and future.” So all this means is its how we talk about time. For example, in English, we use “will” to talk about the future, and put “ed” on the end of verbs to talk about the past. That has to do with tense.

Syntax

“In linguisticssyntax (/ˈsɪntæks/[1][2]) is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences (sentence structure) in a given language, usually including word order.” – Wikipedia.Think of word order for now, like SVO = Subject verb object, English is a SVO language.

Comparative

Words that compare things: In English, they words like “more”, “than”, “fewer”, and “as”

Superlative

(of an adjective or adverb) expressing the highest or a very high degree of a quality (e.g. bravest, most fiercely). – Oxford Dictionaries. Examples: coolest, nicest, happiest, smartest, the best.

Interjection

“An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction.[1][2] The category is quite heterogeneous, and includes such things as exclamations (ouch!wow!)”… “greetings (heybye), response particles (okayoh!m-hmhuh?), hesitation markers (uherum) and other words (stopcool).” – Wikipedia